The world today is fast. The competition is immense, the time limited. People barely find the time to keep up with their five daily prayers, let alone reading the Quran. Muslims who want to establish their touch with the Holy Book often ask this question. “Can Quran be read without wudhu (ablution)?” The question is commonly asked today because the advent of technology has made it much more convenient to read the Quran over smartphones. A common man today finds it easy to read the Quran on the go. While commuting to work or during any break that springs up in the middle of the day. But even in this case, the question remains the same – can Quran be read without wudhu?
Can Quran be read without Wudhu from a Mushaff?
The general rule is that it is not permissible for a Muslim to touch the Quran when (s)he does not have wudu. A saheeh hadeeth concerning that has been narrated from ‘Amr ibn Hazm (may Allaah be pleased with him), stating that the Prophet (peace be upon him) wrote to the people of Yemen: “No one should touch the Quran except one who is taahir (pure).”
Hence it is known that it is not permissible to touch the Quran except in a state of purity from both major and minor impurity.
But the person who is in a state of janabah i.e., in a state of major impurity, should not recite Quran, because it was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that nothing ever kept him from reciting the Quran except for janaabah (major impurity).
Can Quran be read without Wudhu from a smartphone?
The ruling of not touching the Quran from the Mushaf is not the same as reading it from a smartphone. This is because the Quran is recorded in a phone is not in actual written form. Rather, it takes the form of waves which appear and disappear. Since the writing is not the same and literal as that of the Mushaf, the ruling is different. Hence, it is permissible to touch the Quran recorded from a cell phone. It is even allowed to read it without having purified oneself. Some scholars suggest that it is permissible to take these cell phones into the washroom.
To conclude, read the Quran whenever you can and wherever you can. If you don’t find the time to read it, learn the meaning of a single verse everyday. It will not take more than five minutes of your time. But who knows, a single verse may move your heart towards the path of Allah, like it moved Umar (r.a).